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Public vs. Private Schools Performance and Find mandatory services provided to the private school student.


Comparing Private Schools and Public Schools Using Hierarchical Linear Modeling - Executive Summary

July 2006 Authors: Henry Braun, Frank Jenkins, and Wendy Grigg PDF
Public schools perform favorably with private schools when students' income and socioeconomic status are taken into account, according to a new report from
the U.S. Education Department. The findings counter a popularly held notion, that private schools outperform public schools. The report has generated controversy
due to what some call its overly low-key release, reports Claudio Sanchez. That spurred critics to charge that the Bush administration, long a supporter of private
alternatives to public schools, was playing politics by burying data it doesn't like.

Public vs. Private Schools mandatory public school services provided to the private school student.

Private school students were first eligible for state services with the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), which was then reauthorized by No Child Left Behind in 2001. These programs all provided services to private school students, parents and teachers, not to the private schools themselves. Private schools are covered in Title I and Title IX, Part E of No Child Left Behind, as well as the equitable services provided in ESEA. Since the passing of ESEA in 1965, private school students have had access to federal funding for secular education services through a provision called the "child benefit theory" which allows private and religious school students to receive funding of services under Title I without violating the church-state provisions of the First Amendment. No Child Left Behind
has made some changes from the original ESEA. These include: (1) more flexibility in the way poverty data for private school students is collected and how often;
(2) more pressure on the local education agencies (usually school districts) to ensure that private school students who are eligible for public services receive
them; (3) an expansion that provides the option for a third party contractor; (4) requirement of private school officials to sign a form at the end of the school year saying the school district engaged them in a timely consultation of the available programs; (5) Funds for private school children can now applied directly to the
students who are eligible or pooled together to serve all of the eligible students in one school districts area. This Action Brief focuses on the following major NCLB
provisions related to private school student participation: Student Eligibility; Equitable Funding; Role of the Local School District; Parent Involvement; Assessment
of Private School Students; and Bypass Provision.

Private School Guidance
Note - While the terms "school districts" and "Local Education Agencies(LEAs)" are usually interchangeable, there are cases where the term "LEA," as defined in NCLB, is referring to a different governmental entity. An example of this is intermediate school districts, or consortia's of school districts and in those states that use the bypass provision.