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Learn about Irish American Vernacular English

tags: The Sanas of JAZZ, GINIKER, Mardi Gras, "New Second Line", Ráig to Rag to Ragged to Ragtime to JAZZ. Jasm, Jism, Grift, Gimmick, doozer, Buckaroos, Buccaneer, Pizzazz, Fizz, Fizzle, Sizzle, Big Butter and Eggman, Slum, Racket Fluke Lulu, Yippie Ty Yi Yo Git along little Doggies, Hip, honky, dig, jive, juke, Joint, Beat, Hoodo, Honky Tonk, Jim Crow, Kid, Kiddo, Cracker, KKK, Baloney, and Dick are all Irish and many misattributed to Wolof.

Jazz: Book

Karen Ellis, Dan Cassidy 2006

Karen Ellis Guest Lecturer
Honoring the work of Scholar Peter Tamony and The Sanas, the Etymology of Jazz and Dan Cassidy


The African etymology of jazz was fabricated by a New York press agent in 1917.

  1. Dat Ol' Jazz - How the Irish Invented Jazz.
    Trace the etymology and sanas of the word JAZZ.(more audio radio interviews are available to here)

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  2. The House of Fire - St. Bridgid's Teas (Jass) Heat - the Origin.
    St. Brigid's Day. Bridget's fire (tine) is the thunderbolt (tine caor) of fifth and sixth century Irish literacy. It flashes with the sacred jazz (teas, pron. "jass," heat, enthusiasm, and passion) of knowledge. Tine caor, teine caor, caor thine, Dineen, pp.163, 1200) The pagan Goddess Brigid's feast day and the Xtian.
  3. JAZZ - Irish American Vernacular English Baseball words used by Scoop Gleeson in the Sports pages. Jazz appears in print 25 times in the month of March 1913, 24 times in Scoop's articles.
  4. JAZZ - JAZZ Jasm & Gism as a Source for the Word "Jazz"
    From the Work of Peter Tamony
  5. JAZZ - The Irish and Scots Gaelic Sanas of Fizz, Fizzle, and Sizzle and Teas.
    From Rag to Jazz Like a lexical star the Irish and Scots Gaelic fizz and fizzle are perpetually losing their Teas (pron. chass, jass, or jazz depending on your dialect) means heat, excitement, and high spirit.
  6. Irish American Vernacular English Origin of Hoodoo.
  7. Juke Joint - Drinking Shelters, Tippling Shacks, boozing houses. The word juke is believed to be derived from the African-influenced Gullah dialect of the Southeast coast, in which jook means disorderly or wicked.
  8. Boogie - Borrowing from Irish into English we used the words boogie and boogaloo to mean move fast or depart quickly with no reference to music.
  9. The Sacred Secret Tongue of the Saol Luim
    (Slum, World of Poverty)
  10. The Big "Butter an' Eggman"
    The King of Teas (Jass, Heat)
  11. Kid and Kiddo definitions the terms of endearment.
  12. Breaking the Code Of New York's Gangs by Daniel CassidyJanuary 6, 2003, edition of The New York Observer.
  13. Irish American Vernacular English gave us Gambling Slang. Learn The Sanas (Irish Etymology) of Faro, Poker and the Secret Flash Words for the Brotherhood of American Gamblers.
  14. "There's A Sucker (Sách úr, fresh new "fat cat") Born Every Minute." See etymology of Bunk and Dude both are Irish.
  15. Whoopie Ti Yi Yo Git Along Little Doggies

Irish American Vernacular English words traced, found, and borrowed into Standard American English.

The root word Giniker which is the link that explains what the new word "JAZZ" means in the San Francisco Bulletin March 1913 and view articles and pictures that trace the Irish word and explains what it means to the public.

Her Twelve Men


Greer Garson stars as the teacher in a boys schools who has lost control of her class.

Her Twelve Men


She asks the Gym Teacher for his tips regarding classroom management techniques. The Gym Teacher advises her to give the 12 boys in her class an assignment that will get the boys excited - enthusiastic and passionate but he never says those words.

He actually says GINIKER in the movie.
- Tine caor (also spelled teine caor) means " a fireball, a thunderbolt, a meteor, a raging fire, lightning. "

He suggests that her classroom assignments are boring the boys and that they need to be motivated. That she should prepare a task that the boys would become excited about. In that context it is clear that the Irish Word means Lightening which is The Source of Fire, the heat, the enthusiasm - The JAZZ which means fire. Activities that will fire up and would inspire the boys to motivate them. Give them plenty of outdoor exercise plenty of pep and "giniker" which means excitement - something exciting to do that is full of energy - that produces combustible energy - makes them sweat, produces heat, full of fire!


It does not mean respect authority! That was theprincipal of the school sharing his classroom management advice.

AMERICAN NOVELIST Laura Z. Hobson (6/19/1900 - 2/28/1986)
She went to Jamaica High School in Queens, NY
Jamaica was named the best secondary school in America in 1985 by the U.S. Department of Education. Among its students were columnist Art Buchwald, director Francis Ford Coppolla, '50s doo-wop group The Cleftones and much-reviled Brooklyn Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley.

Laura Kean Zametkin, daughter of Jewish Immigrants whose Father helped start the Forward newspaper in 1897, and whose books appeared under the name Laura Z. Hobson is known for her novels Gentleman's Agreement (1947), a study of anti-semitism, and Consenting Adults (1975), about a mother dealing with her son's coming out as gay, which she based on her own experience. In the early 1930s she began writing advertising copy and short stories. She probably heard the Irish words in the neighborhood when she was growing up. She studied at Cornell University and married Francis Thayer Hobson in 1930.In 1934 she joined the promotional staff of the magazines published by Henry Luce (Time, Life, and Fortune). After 1940 she devoted herself entirely to writing, producing a total of nine novels and hundreds of short stories and magazine articles, as well as co-writing the screenplay for the 1954 film Her Twelve Men, starring Greer Garson. Where you can hear the word Giniker used in context where the definition of this word is clear.

About Orality

The Black Irish

Citations, References, and Resources
The Sanas of JAZZ, GINIKER, Mardi Gras, "New Second Line", Ráig to Rag to Ragged to Ragtime to JAZZ. Jasm, Jism, Grift, Gimmick, doozer, Buckaroos, Buccaneer, Pizzazz, Fizz, Fizzle, Sizzle, Big Butter and Eggman, Slum, Racket Fluke Lulu, Yippie Ty Yi Yo Git along little Doggies, Hip, honky, dig, jive, juke, Joint, Beat, Hoodo, Honky Tonk, Jim Crow, Kid, Kiddo, Cracker, KKK, Baloney, and Dick are all Irish and many misattributed to Wolof. Census Information for New York and California early 1900's. Remember in 1859 Philadelphia is the 4th largest city in the WORLD.

April is Jazz Appreciation Month
What does bebop sound like? How did jazz evolve? Learn about Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, and others. See ideas for celebrating jazz appreciation month and for studying jazz in U.S. history or music class.

Orality - By 1660 only 11 books were published in Irish [1]

Verbal Contest and Creativity
One of the major cultural differences between the white middle class and ghettoized Afro-Americans is that the latter have preserved an oral-aural world view while the former have invested their creative energies and imaginations heavily in books, in the typographic-chirographic world. As we know from many recent works on media, this difference is of much greater importance than simply illustrating the ability or inability to read. In point of fact, there wasn't one Camingerly resident who could not read, but reading simply did not enter their lives very often.
Many ethnocentric judgments about blacks stem from the white man's inability to understand or appreciate the creative aspects of living in an oral atmosphere. He neither understands nor remembers the ways in which an effective talker performer may strongly influence our attitudes. He does not value words effectively used in speaking events enough to confer high social status on the effective speaker. Good talking capable of totally enlisting the attention and support of an audience is something he regards as dangerous at its worst (associated with demagoguery and dictatorship) or as insincerity at best. Consequently, a good talker as judged by ghetto Negroes is often regarded by whites as hostile and arrogant.

Book Title: Deep Down in the Jungle
Negro Narrative Folklore from the Streets of Philadelphia.
Contributors: Roger D. Abrahams - author.
Copyright 1963, 1970 by Roger D. Abrahams
Peter Tamony helped a great deal with the Glossary
Publisher: Aldine de Gruyter. New York
Place of Publication: New York. Publication Year: 1970
ORALITY [ . . . ethnocentric judgments (a stem from the inability to understand or appreciate the creative aspects of living in an oral atmosphere.]


Tamony was first published in American Speech in 1937 and two years later began writing a column, "The Origin of Words," for the San Francisco Newsletter and Wasp. Many of his etymologies were cited in works by H.L. Mencken, Damon Runyon, and other etymologists and linguists. He often contributed to "Among the New Words," a column in American Speech, and was consulted by editors of the Oxford English Dictionary, Dictionary of American Regional English, and Encyclopedia Britannica.
In addition to his collecting Tamony was a jazz enthusiast and founded the Hot Music Society of San Francisco in 1939. The society hosted events by some of the most popular jazz artists of the era including Lu Watters, Bunk Johnson, and Turk Murphy. This interest in jazz is also evidenced by his large collection of jazz magazines and journals. [source]
FYI: It was Peter Tamony who took Richard Farina to City Lights and Ferlinghetti.

Etymology of Hillbilly
One possible clue on origin might be found in a pair of Scottish colloquialisms, hill-folk and billie.

Etymology of Cracker
Cultural Slumming and Class Distinctions the "rednecks" and "crackers" The Scots-Gaelic Sanas of Ku Klux Klan
Cracker (1) - A contemptuous name for a railroad worker who works below or underneath a higher grade person. A slang term for poor southern white trash.
Cracker (2) - One who is lazy, brutal, inquisitive, intolerant, illiterate, ignorant, and of the lowest class.

Etymology of Hip
Slate's Hey Wait A Minute: The Origins of 'Hip' 12/8/04 Jesse Sheidlower, editor the Oxford English Dictionary discusses the history of the word "hip." He challenges an assertion that the word "hip" comes from Africa.

"Language is a virus from outer space." ---- William S. Burroughs (another from the BEAT generation)


Who is allowed to know? The Roots of Thought and Failed Censorship -- Print, Power, Politics, Literacy, Ballads, Plays.

WHO is allowed to write, who is allowed to read, who is allowed to hear, who is allowed to print, who is allowed to publish!
It is now and has always been about our unknown culture makers - shapers of our consciousness vs. the Owners of culture/ the Power Elite who own the supply chain of money by thought control.
Henry 8th establishes treason by words, controls reading, and women reading. Elizabeth grants a Printing Monopoly to certain people in return for obedience to the authority of the church and Crown. First to appear is cheap single sheet printed ballads extremely popular that come directly out of the oral culture then goes back in. Telling sensational stories with a moral purpose, warning the readership with their punishment commanding them to repent.

Authentic Gospel Music Travels: Professor Ruff heard that Slaves sometimes spoke and sang hymes in gaelic from Dizzie Galespie.
In 2003, Ruff visited the Scottish Hebrides and found remote congregations worshipping in a manner similar to what he had heard growing up in Alabama. No instruments, hand clapping, no stomping involved. Gaelic psalm (salm) singing lies at the root of all African American music. "Then I learned from experts at Yale that white Presbyterians in the Highlands of Scotland sing the metrical Psalms as they appeared in the Bay Psalm book, only translated into their native Gaelic. Dizzy Gillespie often told me that his grandparents in the Cape Fear region of North and South Carolina had spoken of slave masters and the slaves they took to church with them speaking and worshipping in the Gaelic language. I knew there had to be a connection."

Irish Cowboys use the Irish word Buckaroos:
The first wagon train that headed west was lead by an Irish Scout. Irish cowboys and pioneers sing Irish songs going west.

Go to Sleep My Little Buckaroo

Cowboy Poetry Explained An essay by Hal Cannon, Founding Director of the Western Folklife Center - Watch the Video - An amazing amalgam of language, style and code which forever would identify Americans. It was a jazz of Irish storytelling and lore, Scottish seafaring and cattle tending, Moorish and Spanish Horsemanship, European Cavalry, African improvisation, and a reluctant observation of Native American survival that can be heard and seen in this way of life, even today. John Lomax and Alan Lomax cowboy song collector.

Irish Music Travels Appalachian Fiddle Workshop - Alan Jabbour ©2005

Karen Ellis' cousin David Goldenberg

David Goldenberg 1938 - 2001
Finds the first Jazz Records

David Goldenberg Memorial Library

is housed in the Institute of Jazz Studies Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Record collector and film preservationist accumulated a trove of more than 10,000 classic 78-r.p.m. records dating to the 1920s and '30s provided the Library of Congress with the only complete sound-track discs for the classic 1933 film The Emperor Jones: By murder & guile, a black Pullman conductor becomes THE EMPEROR JONES on an impoverished Caribbean isle.

Louis Armstrong and his Savoy Ballroom Five Frank Sebastion's Cotton Club
Louis Armstrong and his Savoy Ballroom Five Frank Sebastion's Cotton Club Culver City, California brought in Armstrong to front the Les Hite orch.

"Darktown Strutters' Ball" is a popular song by Shelton Brooks, published in 1917. The song has been recorded many times and is considered a popular and jazz standard. The landmark 1917 recording by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band which was recorded on May 30, 1917 and released by Columbia Records as catalog number A-2297 was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2006. There are many variations of the title, including "At the Darktown Strutters' Ball", "The Darktown Strutters' Ball", and just "Strutters' Ball".


George Alexander - In the gloaming 1903 columbia.mp3 692.00 KB
George Alexander - Killarney 1905 columbia.mp3
George Alexander - In the sweet bye and bye 1906 columbia.mp3 690.00 KB

Earl Fuller's Rector Novelty Orch - 12th St Rag 1917.mp3 984.00 KB
Earl Fuller's Rector Novelty Orch - Cold Turkey 1917.mp3 964.00 KB
Earl Fuller's Rector Novelty Orch - More Candy 1917.mp3 1.06 MB
Frisco Jass Band - Yah-de-dah 1917 (Edison Cylinder).mp3
Frisco Jass Band - Johnson 'jass' blues 1917 (Edison Cylinder).mp3 1.25 MB
Frisco Jass Band - Pozzo 1917 (Edison Cylinder).mp3 1,016.00 KB

Earl Fuller's Famous Jazz Band - Jazbo Jazz 1918 (Edison Cylinder).mp3 1.21 MB
Earl Fuller's Famous Jazz Band - Jazz Deluxe 1918 (Edison Cylinder).mp3 1.23 MB
Earl Fuller's Famous Jazz Band - Jazzin' Around 1918 (Edison Cylinder).mp3 1.23 MB
Earl Fuller's Rector Novelty Orch - Down Home Rag 1918.mp3 860.00 KB
Earl Fuller's Rector Novelty Orch - Graveyard Blues 1918.mp3 1,006.00 KB
Earl Fuller's Rector Novelty Orch - I Ain't Got Nobody Much 1918.mp3 902.00 KB

Earl Fuller's Rector Novelty Orch - Oriental 1918.mp3 1,020.00 KB
Earl Fuller's Rector Novelty Orch - Out of the East 1918.mp3 920.00 KB
Frisco Jass Band - All I need is just a girl like you 1918 (Edison Cylinder).mp3 1.12 MB
Frisco Jass Band - Cute little wigglin' dance 1918 (Edison Cylinder).mp3 1.06 MB
Frisco Jass Band - Umbrellas to mend 1918 (Edison Cylinder).mp3 1.11 MB
Earl Fuller's Famous Jazz Band - Jazz de luxe 1919 (78 RPM).mp3 1.24 MB
Frisco 'Jass' Band - Night Time In Little Italy 1919 Edison Cylindar.mp3 1.13 MB


MacBain's Gaelic Etymological Dictionary Online: of Irish as well as Scottish Gaelic.

Manx to English Dictionary online: heat (chass) çhiass
hiass (chass) - heat (teas in Irish and Scots Gaelic)
heh (chay) - hot

Irish Gaelic Speakers language data broken down by county (see irish_gaelic.pdf) if you add non native speakers the list would quadruple.

BBC Children's Learning Site about Ireland

Irish Local Names Explained

Scots Words - Alt. Scots Words - English Meaning

The Voices project celebrates the diverse languages, dialects and accents of the UK.
This interview with a University of Liverpool dialectology and sociolinguistics expert discusses the origins and history of Merseyside speech and the "Scouse" accent of Liverpool. Includes several audio clips and the results of a survey about accents and voices. BBC Language Lab

Scouse Irish Roots
Scouse's Irish roots
Scouse's Lancashire roots
The adenoid thing and other Scouse peculiarities
Why do we rate some accents higher than others?
Yer Wha? Is it lazy speech?

Britain's Gypsy Families


Gypsies are thought to have arrived in England during the reign of Henry VIII.

People thought they had come from Egypt, and so at first called them 'Egyptians'. The name changed over the years to 'Gyptians' then 'Gypsies'.

The Romany language has its roots in Hindi and has been adapted according to the host language. Many Gypsy children today are bi-lingual, speaking Anglo-Romany at home.

Their culture has always been an oral (spoken) one, and the language has never been formally recorded so there is no standard spelling.

Irish Travellers

When Gypsies arrived in the UK, there were already nomads here.

Until the 19th Century, Irish Travellers moved around in bender tents and wagons and were commonly known as Tinkers. The name Tinker came from 'tinceard' which means 'tinsmith'. This came from their ancient pre-Gaelic language called Shelta, which some Irish Travellers still use today alongside English.

'Irish Travellers' is a name society has given them, but their name for their people is Pavee.

Many do not consider themselves to be Irish. They consider themselves to be the indigenous population of the island of Ireland, much like the aborigines in Australia and the Native Americans in North America.

Irish Travellers and English Gypsies remain, for the most part, two distinct groups.

The vardo (Gypsy wagons, caravans) Irish Travellers Galician Gypsies in England Appleby and other Horse Fairs.

Sheldu (Shelta) Anglo Irish Creole used mostly by Irish Travelers and their decendents in England and the USA based on English grammer with Irish vocabulary.

Ireland: 104 million pounds goes on Traveller housing, education ~ Irish Independent 2/6/06 Geraldine Collins
The Gov't spent 104 pounds in 2005. Dept of Ed spent more than 56 mil. pd. on Traveller education over and above what is provided on mainstream ed. Accomadation costs were more than 42 mil. pd in 2005. There are 45 pre-schools for Travellers with 500 resource teachers for them in primary schools and nearly 140 whole time in post-primary schools.

English Words with Irish Roots
Ever used the word highfalutin'? Or abracadabra? Or bragged about your brand new duds? If you have, you've been speaking Irish, says Daniel Cassidy, co-director of the Irish Studies Program at New College of California in San Francisco.

Working knowledge of the Irish language course.

The Computer Education Society of Ireland
Cumann Rìomh-Oideachais na h-Éireann


Snakes have always been identified with the Goddess Religion. St. Bridget was a Pagen Goddess and St. Peter did his best to get rid of the Goddess Religion. Rome wanted to control the cash flow and power.



Gypsy Jazz: Doug Martin Jazz and Gypsy Jazz Guitar
Genre of music evolved after American jazz came to Europe, created by Romani musicians living around Paris in the 1930s.
Romany: Also known as Gypsies, the Romany are a people of Indian origin who live across Europe. They emigrated from northern India into Europe, likely beginning in the 11th century. By the 1500s, Romany people had reached the British Isles and Scandinavia.
Romany in Europe faced discrimination throughout their history. In the Middle Ages, they were identified with the "Saracens" - Muslims who resisted the European Crusaders' invasions of the Holy Land - despite the fact that the Romany were originally Hindu. Most Romany adopted the prevalent religions of their new countries, however, whether that was Orthodox Christianity, Catholicism or Islam.
Romani are widely known in the English-speaking world by the exonym Gypsies (or Gipsies). The English term Gypsy (or Gipsy) originates from the Greek word for "Egyptian", Αιγύπτιοι (Aigyptioi, whence modern Greek γύφτοι gifti), in the belief that the Romanies, or some other Gypsy groups (such as the Balkan Egyptians), originated in Egypt. The Gypsy Caravan movie.


Snakes have always been a symbol of the Goddess

CHINA: The Legend of Lady White Snake
The legend of Lady White Snake is one of West Lake's most famous legends. It tells of two snakes, one white and the other green. The snakes after studying magic for thousands of years finally managed to transform themselves into beautiful women. Once they had succeeded in transforming themselves, they wanted to celebrate their accomplishment by taking a stroll as a woman and her maid around West Lake. During their stroll, it began to rain and the two huddled under a tree near Broken Bridge to get out of the rain. Not long after a handsome young scholar named XuXian walked past. Upon seeing the two women huddling under the tree, he offered his umbrella to Lady White Snake and her maid. The couple soon fell in love and married afterwards. After their marriage, the couple started their own medicine and herb shop. Since Lady White Snake had magic powers, she could diagnose their patient's illnesses and prescribe medicine immediately. One day when Lady White Snake was out delivering medicines to the countryside, a monk named Fahai stopped by their shop and told XuXian that he was married to a demon who would one day devour him. He asked XuXian to visit him at the Gold Mountain Temple, where he imprisoned him later. Lady White Snake upon her return to their shop found her husband missing. She waited for him for many days unable to sleep or eat. She finally discovered that he had been imprisoned by the evil Fahai. She demanded that Fahai release her husband, and the evil monk insisted that since she was not truly human she was the evil one and he would destroy her. A huge battle raged between the monk and Lady White Snake. In the end, the monk managed to trap Lady White Snake in a golden alms bowl, where she was forced to admit defeat. The evil monk imprisoned Lady White Snake in the Leifeng Pagoda and declared that not until the lake dried up, or the pagoda falls will she be released. The Leifeng Pagoda did collapse in 1924 and some witness's claimed that upon its collapse a young maid was seen helping a beautiful woman out of the rubble. Currently, a new pagoda built in 2000 stands on the original site. There are many legends associated with Hangzhou's West Lake. It is a beautiful area dotted with pagodas, pavilions and temples. It is easy to see why such a place has inspired many legends. It is a place which inspires with its beauty.

St. Patricks Day

March is Irish-American Heritage Month and St. Patrick's Day 17th

  • St Patrick's day which as you know celebrates Patrick's success at ridding Ireland of all the snakes.
  • Science: There never been any snakes in Ireland.

Boston Celebrates First Evacuation Day: March 17, 1901 the City of Boston officially celebrated Evacuation Day for the first time. In early March of 1776, Continental troops managed to move heavy cannon to the top of Dorchester Heights. When the British realized what had happened, they knew they could no longer hold the capital. The lowly Continental Army forced the British to evacuate Boston. One hundred and twenty-five years later, the Mayor proclaimed March 17th, St. Patrick's Day, a legal holiday. The city could commemorate an important historical event -- George Washington's first victory in the American Revolution -- and celebrate its place as "the capital of Irish America." Even today, schools and government offices are closed on March 17th in Boston and Suffolk County.
Listen to this moment:
Read more about this moment:
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  • The History of St. Patrick's Day
    History and related information about this holiday celebrated on March 17 in honor of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. Includes information about items associated with the holiday, such as parades, the shamrock, leprechauns, and corned beef. Also includes links to information about Irish travel destinations and literary Ireland.
  • St. Patrick's Day Fast Facts: Beyond the Blarney
    A compilation of facts about this holiday celebrated on March 17, which "marks the Roman Catholic feast day for Ireland's patron saint." Includes facts such as that "New York City hosted the first official St. Patrick's Day parade in 1762," and that "Chicago is famous for dyeing the Chicago River green on St. Patrick's Day." From National Geographic News.
  • Census Bureau's Public Information Office
    Although not an “official” holiday in the United States, St. Patrick's Day has a long history of being celebrated with parades and general goodwill for all things Irish. The day commemorates St. Patrick, who introduced Christianity to Ireland in the fifth century. Because many Americans celebrate their Irish lineage on St. Patrick's Day, March was picked as Irish-American Heritage Month. The month was first proclaimed in 1995 by Congress. The U.S. president also issues an Irish-American Heritage Month proclamation.


  • ABOUT YOUR LINGUISTIC RIGHTS - English and American Dictionaries do not include the origin of the word Jazz is Irish 2006.
  • Back in print, 19th-century study dissects the plight of the Irish
    No ''equality of conditions" there, Beaumont wrote, for the traveler ''meets only magnificent castles or miserable hovels," and ''misery, naked and famishing, . . . shows itself everywhere." And the cause of it all, ''a cause primary, permanent, radical, which predominates over all others," is ''a bad aristocracy." Beaumont -- himself a member of the French aristocracy -- appears to be ''England's advocate," as Garvin and Hess put it, until the weight of the evidence forces him to conclude ''that Ireland was to the United Kingdom what slavery was to the United States."
  • Sinn Fein fighting for a free Ireland since the 1850's to retake the farms from those who had stolen their property.
  • The Potato Famine
  • History of the Good Friday Agreement
  • Paddy Whacked the Irish Mob Long before the Mafia, Murder Inc., and the African-American gangster, "Paddy" was plundering and pilfering the stars and stripes. Once called the "National Scourge", "The Shame of the Cities", and "The White Man's Burden", the Irish rose from hellish beginnings riddled with disease, vice, and death. The Potato Famine or "Ireland's Genocide" had wiped out a third of their population--America offered hope. They arrived in swarms, starving and destitute, with their notorious Celtic stubbornness and toughness. In a land where man had to fight for his piece of the pie and fight harder to keep it, "Paddy" was almost unbeatable. From the 19th century gang wars to the 20th century wars with the Italians, "Paddy" whacked their way to a mythical status. We trace the legacy of the Irish Mob, deeply rooted in the diabolical power trio of "Gangster, Politician, and Lawman" feeding and festering off one another.
  • The Molly Muguire secret society was fighting for the rights of the minors and who helped in the american labor movement.
  • All those excellent Guiness Barrell makers come over to america.
  • 1867 Mother Jones - raising hell for workers rights, Irish Bowery
  • 1871 Chicago Fire Mrs. O'Leary cow
  • 1880's potato famine a Holocaust engineered by
    english policy and the irish immigrants mostly went to the west following the gold rush, copper, & silver opportunities.
  • Butte Montana was the most Irish City in America.
  • 1884-86 Irish helped build the Statue of Liberty.
  • It was the IRISH who were the first true immigrants to america with the exception of Jews who are by far the most successful.
  • Tamony Hall - Irish Voting Power to run a city, the green machine, up the ladder of prosperity.
  • Stars and Stripes were NOT bowed to the King of England during opening olympic ceremonies and a continued practice to this day.
  • 1906 Irish Model used for the first Miss Liberty Coin
  • 1494 english rum and by product molasses brought over to America. By the 1860's Boston Irish used the molasses as a spirit base then changed over to whisky which became the American drink of choice. President Washington produced a rye whisky with Irish barrel maker know how all the way up to the present Napa Valley wine makers SEE Boyes Springs
  • Follow the history of distilleries - Bourbon whiskey is from blue grass roots water from Kentucky
  • Million Dollar Baby - 4 Academy Awards Best Movie Oscar Winner. (NPR interview)
    NYT 2/26/05 Fighting Words By WES DAVIS Clint Eastwood's choice of nickname "Mo Cuishle" for the heroine of "Million Dollar Baby," is a choice more fitting, and touching, than you may suspect. ["It feels as if he's extracting a gift of hope for her out of the bedrock of Ireland's nearly forgotten language." ]
  • The Irish Mafia were the greatest stars of the 30s, 40s, and 50s. The original members of the club were Frank McHugh, James Cagney, Pat O'Brien, and Spencer Tracy. In addition, the group at various times included Ralph Bellamy, Frank Morgan, Lynn Overman, Bert Lahr, Lou Calhern, Jimmy Gleason, Allen Jenkins, and Bob Armstrong. George M. Cohan and Will Rogers sat in from time to time. They called it the Boys Club, but since most of the "founding members" were Irish-American, columnist Sidney Skolsky called them the Irish Mafia.
  • New York's Irish Claim Nobility
    About 400,000 city residents say they are of Irish ancestry, according to a 2004 Census Bureau survey. Listen more kindly to the New York Irishmen who assure you that the blood of early Irish kings flows in their veins. At least 2 percent of the time, they are telling the truth, according to a new genetic survey. The survey not only bolsters the bragging rights of some Irishmen claiming a proud heritage but also provides evidence of the existence of Niall of the Nine Hostages, an Irish high king of the fifth century A.D. regarded by some historians as more legend than real. The survey shows that 20 percent of men in northwestern Ireland carry a distinctive genetic signature on their Y chromosomes, possibly inherited from Niall, who was said to have had numerous sons, or some other leader in a position to have had many descendants.
    About one in 50 New Yorkers of European origin - including men with names like O'Connor, Flynn, Egan, Hynes, O'Reilly and Quinn - carry the genetic signature linked with Niall and northwestern Ireland, writes Daniel Bradley, the geneticist who conducted the survey with colleagues at Trinity College in Dublin. He arrived at that estimate after surveying the Y chromosomes in a genetic database that included New Yorkers. <snip>
  • Archie Green seen speaking with Woody Guthrie.


The Crossroads
Irish American Festival

The Crossroads Irish American Festival is an annual event which celebrates and explores the Irish-American experience and its creative energies, historical reflections, and cultural expressions. This years Crossroads 2006 programming featured Irish-American musicians, writers, scholars, social justice activists, journalists, politicians, professors, law enforcement professionals, nuns, community leaders, poets, and Nobel Prize nominees.

Claoidheann neart ceart.
~ Force overcomes justice.

Beatha an Staraidhe firinne.
The historian's food is truth.

"It should be the chief aim of a university professor to exhibit himself in his own true character -- that is, as an ignorant man thinking, actively utilizing his small share of knowledge." ~ Alfred North Whitehead

Irish Library

Irish American Books

Ireland Google

How the Irish Invented Slang

ISBN: 9781904859604
The Secret Language of the Crossroads

2007 American Book Award