Educational CyberPlayGround ®

InternetII: The History of Internet II


is a consortium being led by 207 universities working in partnership with industry and government to develop and deploy advanced network applications and technologies, accelerating the creation of tomorrow's Internet.

2007 "After Breaking Off Talks, 2 High-Speed Networking Consortia Now Say They Will Merge"

HISTORY from 1997 - 2002

Is there an even bigger digital divide just around the corner? The challenges of Internet 2 by Vic Sutton page 253 [ . . . Back in the days of teletype technology, the standard speed of news agency wire transmission, or telex transmission from offices, was 50 bauds - 50 bits per second. It takes eight bits to make a letter, so 50 bauds allowed the transmission of around six letters a second, some 3,000 words an hour.
A speed of 56 kilobits per second is over one thousand times faster. Even those of us who are using poor-quality telephone lines for dial-up access, are used to seeing our mail and file attachments vanish into the ether in next to no time.
It is only when we have to download the holiday photographs, running into megabytes, that we start to complain. However, speeds of 56 Kbps are going to be dwarfed by those planned for Internet2.
Internet2 is a research and development consortium led by some 200 US universities, and working with the US government and industry. They are planning for faster and more reliable networking links than are allowed by the existing Internet.
The Internet, as we know it, was not planned. It grew out of research into packet switching communications carried out in the UK and the USA. in the late 1960s, and from the ARPANET, the first-ever network of different computers, which was set up at the end of 1969 to link computer nodes at the UCLA, Stanford Research Institute, UC Santa Barbara and the University of Utah.
Communications between the ARPANET nodes first ran at 50 Kbps.The work to develop the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, which make communication possible between large numbers of machines in an open-architecture network, was coordinated by Robert Kahn and Vint Cerf from 1973 onward. The Ethernet technology which is now the most widely-used was developed by Bob Metcalfe at Xerox PARC in 1973.

Internet 2--Statistics
New Survey Shows Access and Usage of internet2 in Schools, Public Libraries and Elsewhere

K12 Schools

  • 35971 out of 98335 or 37% of the K12 Schools in the United States are connected to Internet2 via the SEGP Program.
  • 4350 out of 35971, or 12%, of K12 Schools connect to the Internet2 backbone network at >= 10 Mbps.
  • 17% of state education networks report between 50 - 100% of the K12 Schools they connect are multi-cast enabled.
  • State education networks report, on average, that 44% of the K12 Schools they connnect have H.323, DVTS, MPEG, or other video conferencing codecs available.

Public Libraries

  • 3325 out of 16991 or 20% of the Public Libraries in the United States are connected to Internet2 via the SEGP Program.
  • 229 out of 3325, or 7%, of Public Libraries connect to the Internet2 backbone network at >= 10 Mbps.


"More than 46,000 K-12 schools, community colleges, libraries, and museums in 35 U.S. states are now connected to the Internet2 backbone network."


INTERNET 2 [p] 734.913.4250 mailing list

  • MEGA CONFERENCE Join hundreds of participants from universities, K-12 schools, and organizations around the world using advanced networks to discuss current projects and developments.
  • K20 Internet 2 Inititive
  • K20 Collaboration Request
  • MAGPI Power Networking
    is an Internet2 Gigapop located at the University of Pennsylvania. MAGPI is a regional optical network and Internet2 Applications provider for Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware.
    MAGPI Initiatives
    • International High Speed Video Conferencing Bob Dixon started the video conferencing thing.
    • Distributed and Online Health Care
    • Bridging K-12 to HigherEd
    • Applications and Collaborations Coordination
    • Regional Workforce DevelopmenT
  • Mega Conference Junior 2007 Contact us at
    This year there will also be several new additions to the event - like a new Virtual Battle of the Bands where musical groups will audition to be part of the grand finale based on the highest number of votes from the international community - which will give participants the opportunity for even more interaction leading up to the event itself. Volunteers are needed in several areas. Please distribute this call for participation widely in your communities. Elementary and secondary (K-12) teachers and students from around the world are needed now to work on the three planning committees listed below. Participation in a committee will provide the opportunity to engage in regular virtual communications with international team members towards organizing and completing committee goals.
  • Streaming Internet 2 MegaConference Live Conferences Internet Explorer v. 5.5 or newer or Netscape v. 7.1 or newer.
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Mid Atlantic GigaPOP/ I 2
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Technical Contact:
Valciukas, Stanley
University of Pennsylvania
ISC Networking
3401 Walnut Street Suite 221a
philadelphia, PA 19104 US
(215) 573-8713